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P2013 - Semaglutide Provides More Value for Money Than Dulaglutide or Liraglutide for Prevention of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Established Cardiovascular Disease

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Author Block: Joseph Azuri, Sackler Faculty of Med, Tel Aviv Univ, Tel Aviv, Israel; Enis Aboalhasan, Sapir Coll, Sderot, Israel; Ariel Hammerman, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv, Israel; Ronen Arbel, Sapir Coll, Sderot, Israel
Disclosure Block: J. Azuri: Honoraria; Modest; Pfizer. Other Research Support; Modest; Janssen Pharmaceutica. Honoraria; Modest; Novonordisk. E. Aboalhasan: None. A. Hammerman: None. R. Arbel: None.
Introduction: The Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1a) semaglutide, dulaglutide, and liraglutide reduce major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and established CVD. The American Diabetes Association currently recommends providing GLP-1a therapy to this patient population independently of glycaemic control. Despite proven clinical benefits, providing GLP-1a to all guideline eligible patients is a significant cost burden on healthcare systems. Therefore, it is imperative to compare the value for money of these agents. Hypothesis: The newly introduced GLP-1a Semaglutide may be cost-saving compared to dulaglutide and liraglutide for preventing MACE in patients with established CVD and T2DM. Methods: We calculated the cost needed to prevent one MACE, by multiplying the annualized number needed to treat to prevent one event, by the annual cost of the therapy. Efficacy estimates were extracted from published RCT data. We performed a sensitivity analysis to mitigate differences between trial populations and other uncertainties. Drug costs were based on published US prices. Results: The cost needed to prevent one MACE with semaglutide is $557,187 ($331,491-$2,194,483) compared to $1,179,360 ($732,888-$2,746,224) with liraglutide and $1,605,904 ($706,044-∞) for dulaglutide. Sensitivity analysis confirmed the advantage of semaglutide. Conclusions: Semaglutide prescribed for secondary prevention of MACE in patients with T2DM and established CVD seems to provide more value for money than dulaglutide and liraglutide for the same purpose.